An air conditioner works in the same way as the refrigerator. In addition to cooling the small insulated space inside the refrigerator, it can provide cooling to a wider space, a room, a whole house, or even a business unit. Air conditioners are made of chemicals that can easily be converted from air to liquid and vice versa. These chemicals can move the heat from the air within the house to the space outside the house. In tropical countries, air conditioners can play a great role in regulating the temperature within houses and buildings. They are designed to allow the walls of the building to keep the cool air in and to send out the hot air. This article will describes to you how does an air conditioner works.
The appliance is made of three distinct components: a condenser, a compressor, and an evaporator. The evaporator is the part that heats the house; it is located inside the house and sometimes it is part of a furnace. The condenser and the compressor are located on the outside portion of the device. The fluid on which it works gets to the compressor as cool gas. This fluid is then squeezed by the compressor, making the molecules of the fluid to get packed tightly together. It is important to note that the closer the molecules are together, the higher the temperature and energy they produce.
From the compressor, the working fluid leaves as high pressure gas and flows into the condenser. The temperature of the working fluid is cooler when it leaves the condenser, because it has changed from gas to liquid at very high pressure. This liquid passes into the evaporator through a narrow hole. At this point, the temperature of the liquid drops and it begins to evaporate as air. The part of the air conditioner outside the house is designed with metal fins that help the heat to flow out and dissipate more quickly. The process that allows the liquid to change into gas and to evaporate allows the system to extract heat from the air surrounding it. The molecules in the fluid need the heat in the air to transform from liquid to gas. The working fluid leaves the evaporator as cool air and starts its cycle all over again, getting into the compressor to be transformed into high pressure gas.
The evaporator is connected to a fan that helps in blowing the cool air inside the house at regulated temperature. It is worth noting that hot air is lighter than cool air, so it rises to the uppermost part of the room. The vent allows the air to be sucked into the air conditioner, and as the hot air is removed from the room, the room becomes cooler. The cool air is blown throughout the house via ducts. The process can go on and on until the room has been cooled to the desired temperature. The thermostat turns off the air conditioner once it detects that the temperature is right. So, the thermostat is designed to turn air conditioners on and off depending on the temperature you want for the room. If the room heats up, it will turn on the air conditioner again.
For those who need to heat up their home, all they have to do is to position the air conditioner in such a way that the hot coils face the inside of the house while the cold ones are turned outside. It works like magic and there would be no need to burn fuel in order to heat up the house. You can turn the heat that escapes from the appliance inside the house.
You can use the heat pumps to efficiently heat up any building. It is important to be careful with the coils that are located in the outside air as they can collect ice. This cooling or heating system has to melt the ice all the time, so it will automatically switch to air condition mode, which means that it will be sending cool rather can heat inside the house. The heat pump can also light burners to heat up the cool air that is blown into the house. The heat pump will turn back to heating mode and turn off the burners after the ice is melted. In fact, air conditioners are the best heating and cooling appliances for tropical regions.